Lõhmus, Uno


Articles in Juridica International

Articles in Juridica

  • Surveillance and Fundamental Rights, Juridica Abstract, 2020, No. 4, pp. 279-293
  • Quo vadis, Criminal Procedure? Juridica Abstract, 2020, No. 3, pp. 198-209
  • Is the Right to Security of Person a Fundamental Right? Juridica Abstract, 2018, No. 2, pp. 136-145
  • International Law in Russia under the Scrutiny of an Estonian Legal Scientist. Review on the Book by Lauri Mälksoo, “Venemaa käsitused rahvusvahelisest õigusest” (Tartu University Press 2016, 367 pages), Juridica Abstract, 2017, No. 7, pp. 512-515
  • Collection of Information as Evidence in Criminal Proceedings. Judgment on Case No. 3-1-1-101-16 of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court, 10 April 2017, Juridica Abstract, 2017, No. 2, pp. 114-121
  • The Saga of Retaining Electronic Data has been Resolved, yet not in Estonia, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 10, pp. 698-708
  • The Disclosure of the Evidence Forming the Basis of Arrest to the Suspect. Ruling of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court in Case No. 3-1-1-110-15 of 4 May 2016, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 6, pp. 423-430
  • Reply. H. Kalmo. Meshing of the Constitution with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 4, pp. 292-293
  • Right to the Confidentiality of Messages Revisited: How the Technology of the 20th Century is Influencing Interpretations of the Constitution, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 3, pp. 175-183
  • Unfinished Saga of Retaining Electronic Data, Juridica Abstract, 2015, No. 10, pp. 735-745
  • Admissibility and Exclusion of Evidence in Criminal Proceedings. How Logical is the Estonian System of Evidence? Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 9, pp. 690-699
  • Is the Agreement Process in Compliance With the Principle of Guilt Under Penal Power? Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 7, pp. 545-549
  • Accused’s Fundamental Right to Examine Witnesses, Juridica Abstract, 2013, No. 5, pp. 299-315
  • Non-mainstream Thoughts about Objective and Legitimacy of Criminal Procedure, Juridica Abstract, 2013, No. 3, pp. 201-209
  • Fundamental Rights and General Principles of EU Law: Functions, Scope and Range, Juridica Abstract, 2011, No. 9, pp. 639-651
  • Amendment of the Constitution and Changes in the Constitution, Juridica Abstract, 2011, No. 1, pp. 12-26
  • Administration of the Judiciary under the Courts Act Bill, Juridica Abstract, 2010, No. 2, pp. 75-85
  • The Principle of Ne Bis In Idem in European Union Law, Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 9, pp. 584-594
  • The First Requests by the Estonian Courts for a Preliminary Ruling Have Been Answered: Judgment of the European Court of Justice in Case C-241/07 (JK Otsa Talu) and C-560/07 (Balbiino), Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 5, pp. 321-327
  • The Principle of ne bis in idem. Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights of 10 February 2009 in the Сase of Sergey Zolotukhin v. Russia, Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 3, pp. 143-147
  • Thoughts on Citizenship in Light of One Judgment, Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 2, pp. 76-85
  • Interception of Communication and the Right to Confidentiality of Correspondence Provided for in the Estonian Constitution, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 7, pp. 462–472
  • Confidential Relationship Between Lawyer and Client, and ts Limits, Juridica Abstract, 2007, No. 9, pp. 608–618
  • How Do the Court Systems of Member States Ensure the Efficient Functioning of European Union Law? Juridica Abstract, 2007, No. 3, pp. 143–154
  • European Union Legal System and Constitutional Supervision After 1 May 2004, Juridica Abstract, 2006, No. 1, pp. 3–16
  • Imitating Crime. May the State Provoke Crime?, Juridica Abstract, 2005, No. 4, pp. 223–230
  • What Should Be Done With the Constitution?, Juridica Abstract, 2005, No. 2, pp. 75–83
  • Election Coalition and Right to Be Elected, Juridica Abstract, 2003, No. Special Issue, pp. 27–31
  • Professor Ilmar Rebane (04.08.1912 – 13.06.1995), Juridica Abstract, 2002, No. 5, pp. 350–351
  • Aliens and the Right to Respect for Private and Family life, Juridica Abstract, 2000, No. 7, pp. 415–426
  • Dear Reader, Juridica Abstract, 1999, No. 9, p. 413
  • Generally Recognised Principles of International Law as Part of the Estonian Legal System, Juridica Abstract, 1999, No. 9, pp. 425–430
  • Courts at the Turn of the Century, Juridica Abstract, 1999, No. 1, pp. 10–12
  • Dear Reader, Juridica Abstract, 1998, No. 7, p. 325
  • Current State of Criminal Law Reform, Juridica Abstract, 1997, No. 9, pp. 445–447
  • Crimes Connected with Bankruptcy, Juridica Abstract, 1994, No. 1, pp. 21–23
  • Trustee in Bankruptcy, Juridica Abstract, 1994, No .1, pp. 13–16
  • Bankruptcy Crimes, Juridica Abstract, 1993, No. 2, p. 31

Personal data

  • Born: October 30, 1952, Mõisaküla


  • PhD, University of Leningrad, 1986
  • Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 1976


  • Visiting professor of the University of Tartu, 2014-2017
  • Judge, Court of Justice of the European Communities, May 2004–November 2013
  • Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the Republic of Estonia, November 1998–April 2004
  • Judge, European Court of Human Rights, 1994–1998
  • Attorney-at-law, 1977–1998
  • Docent, Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 1986–1998
  • Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 1985–1986

Main areas of research

  • Constitutional Law, Fundamental Rights, Criminal Procedure, Criminal Law, Human Rights

Grants and projects

  • Estonian Law Centre Foundation (ELC) project: Constitutional Law Institute. Member of the Council, 2001–2004
  • Estonian Law Centre Foundation (ELC), Open Estonia Foundation (OEF) and Constitutional and Legal Policy Institute (COLPI, Hungary) Project: Restricting Corruption in a Transformation Society (Legal Aspect). Member of the Steering Committee, 1999–2002

Professional activity and membership

  • Member of the Consultative Council of European Judges, 2000–2014
  • Founding Member of the Estonian Academic Law Society (EAÕS), 1988–current
  • Chairman of the Council of Estonian Law Centre Foundation (ELC), 1998–2003
  • Member of the Estonian section of International Law Association, 1998–current
  • Member of the Expert Missions of the Council of Europe in Ukraine, 2000
  • Consultant to the Committee Drafting the Criminal Code, 1996–2000
  • Member of the Expert Committee of the Constitution of Estonia, 1996–1998
  • Member of the Estonian Bar Association, 1977–1998

Participation in scientific conferences and seminars

  • Protection of Human Rights in Europe and in Estonia, Tallinn, April 5–6, 2001
  • Constitutional Law in Baltic States, Riga, Latvia, March 8, 2001
  • Judicial Reform in Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine, March 2, 2001
  • Modern Constitutionalism and Constitutional Justice, Odessa, Russia, October, 2000

Hobbies and community work

  • Member of the Lions Club

Teaching practice

  • Participation in Crime, Human Rights


  • On Fundamental Rights in Criminal Procedure. 3nd ed. Tallinn: Juura, 2019. 528 p. (in Estonian).
  • On Fundamental Rights in Criminal Procedure. 2nd ed. Tallinn: Juura, 2014. 368 p. (in Estonian).
  • On Fundamental Rights in Criminal Procedure. Tallinn: Juura, 2012. 224 p. (in Estonian).
  • Constitution of the Republic of Estonia. Commented Edition. 2nd ed. U. Lõhmus et al. Tallinn: Juura, 2008. 885 p. (in Estonian).
  • Constitutional Review. Supreme Court Decisions 1993-2004. Compiled by U. Lõhmus. Tallinn: Juura, 2004. 752 p. (in Estonian).
  • Human Rights and Their Protection in Europe. Compiled by U.Lõhmus. Tartu: Iuridicum Foundation, 2003. 416 p. (in Estonian).
  • Constitution of the Republic of Estonia. Commented Edition, A.Allmann, T. Annus, M. Ernits, H.Lindpere, U. Lõhmus, O. Kask, E. Kergandberg, K. Land, L. Lehis, J. Liventaal, L. Madise, Ü.Madise, E. Markvart, R. Maruste, K. Merusk, A. Mõttus, R.Narits, V. Olle, P. Pruks, H. Pisuke, J.Põld, A. Reenumägi, U. Reinsalu, P.Roosma, M. Ruttu, V. Saarmets, H. Schneider, E.-J. Truuväli. Tallinn: Juura, 2002. 758 p. (in Estonian).
  • U. Lõhmus. Judicial Independence and Judicial Administration. – Riigikogu Toimetised (Journal of the Estonian Parliament), 2001, No. 3 pp.87–96 (in Estonian).
  • U. Lõhmus. A Critical Analysis of the Constitution Arising from the Practice of Constitutional Review. – Riigikogu Toimetised (Journal of the Estonian Parliament), 2000, No. 1, pp. 77–82 (in Estonian).
  • U. Lõhmus. On the Style of Judgements of Supreme Courts of Different Countries. – Õigus Teada, 1999, No. 2 (in Estonian).
  • U. Lõhmus (co-author). Compatibility of Estonian Law with the Requirements of the European Convention on Human Rights. Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 1996.


  • Estonian (Native)
  • English (Good)
  • Russian (Good)